Against the backdrop of the contagion literature, the paper analyses the impact of financial and trade linkages on sovereign bonds spreads in the Eurozone crisis. Using quarterly data for a sample of EMU countries during the period 2000-2013, we estimate fixed-effect panel models with Driscoll and Kraay standard errors that are robust to general forms of spatial and temporal dependence. Our main results can be summarized as follows. First, we suggest that the sudden stop of capital inflows toward the peripheral sovereign debt triggered a re-segmentation of financial markets and economic systems along national borders, with negative implications for risk sharing and the efficient allocation of capital. The home bias effect - i.e. the increase in the share of sovereign debt held by domestic banks worsened the country-specic risk because the twin crisis (sovereign and banking) began to be conceived as more closely intertwined within countries than before. Second, the structure of international trade helps to account for the geographic scope of contagion, even after controlling for macroeconomic and fiscal vulnerabilities. Finally, the potential impact of wider financial spillovers related to the emerging markets' decoupling hypothesis is confirmed by our analysis. However, the substitution-effect of public debt securities of stand-alone emerging countries appears to be related more the sovereign spreads ofthe core countries rather than to the peripheral ones.
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|Titolo:||External Public Debt, Trade Linkages and Contagion During the Eurozone Crisis|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|