The health emergency recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) in early 2020 in the wake of the emergence of a new Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) marked, throughout the world, what was almost a point of no return, shaking our societies, democratic systems and lifestyles. The restrictions placed on our freedoms, and the radical changes these brought to our way of life, thus impacting on our cultural practices, have not only generated more or less individual reactions and affects such as fear, anguish, fear of contamination, the blurring of the boundaries between life and death, etc.; but have also generated phenomena of anger, violence, devastation, collapse and disappointment. Moreover, the socio-economic repercussions linked to loss of work, remote working, distance learning, interruption to schooling, the quasi-impossibility of managing the family home while also helping one's own children to live in a "home prison" in order to "save the world", have caused a number of symptoms ranging from the psychical to the physical to behavioral patterns. Thus, the AFIRE research-action plan (Franco-Italian Comparative Analysis on Representations of the Epidemic) aims to compare the analysis of representations relating to the epidemic and the effects of lockdown/lifting of lockdown on the one hand, and on the other hand the implementation of an international web application (WebApp) aimed at strengthening social links during the partial lockdown. Based on four aspects (psychical/subjective, corporal/behavioral, economic/professional, relational/family) studied in three populations (general, hospital, psychiatric prison) in both France and Italy, we will seek to understand "who has experienced with the most difficult what?, when?, and where?", in order to propose future guidelines. Since the measures taken by the various governments to counter and slow down the progress of the epidemic, namely lockdown, quarantine, and barrier gestures, have not only reduced fundamental freedoms under the guise of a health emergency, we will accompany our research-action plan with questions on ethical and legal issues. In this way, we hope to demonstrate that one country can successfully participate in the early warning, preparation and anticipation of the other country's therapeutic strategies (and reciprocally). If the main objective of the research component is to isolate risk and vulnerability factors for a particular aspect in a particular population in a given country, in the eventuality that a further lockdown (total and/or partial) takes place; the action component consists in establishing a Franco-Italian "virtual community" (with simultaneous translation and moderators), in order to support and strengthen social bonds during the isolation caused by lockdown and the lifting of lockdown.

AFIRE - Franco-Italian comparative analysis of the epidemic representations and the confinement/deconfinement effects

angela cossiri;isabella crespi
2020

Abstract

The health emergency recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) in early 2020 in the wake of the emergence of a new Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) marked, throughout the world, what was almost a point of no return, shaking our societies, democratic systems and lifestyles. The restrictions placed on our freedoms, and the radical changes these brought to our way of life, thus impacting on our cultural practices, have not only generated more or less individual reactions and affects such as fear, anguish, fear of contamination, the blurring of the boundaries between life and death, etc.; but have also generated phenomena of anger, violence, devastation, collapse and disappointment. Moreover, the socio-economic repercussions linked to loss of work, remote working, distance learning, interruption to schooling, the quasi-impossibility of managing the family home while also helping one's own children to live in a "home prison" in order to "save the world", have caused a number of symptoms ranging from the psychical to the physical to behavioral patterns. Thus, the AFIRE research-action plan (Franco-Italian Comparative Analysis on Representations of the Epidemic) aims to compare the analysis of representations relating to the epidemic and the effects of lockdown/lifting of lockdown on the one hand, and on the other hand the implementation of an international web application (WebApp) aimed at strengthening social links during the partial lockdown. Based on four aspects (psychical/subjective, corporal/behavioral, economic/professional, relational/family) studied in three populations (general, hospital, psychiatric prison) in both France and Italy, we will seek to understand "who has experienced with the most difficult what?, when?, and where?", in order to propose future guidelines. Since the measures taken by the various governments to counter and slow down the progress of the epidemic, namely lockdown, quarantine, and barrier gestures, have not only reduced fundamental freedoms under the guise of a health emergency, we will accompany our research-action plan with questions on ethical and legal issues. In this way, we hope to demonstrate that one country can successfully participate in the early warning, preparation and anticipation of the other country's therapeutic strategies (and reciprocally). If the main objective of the research component is to isolate risk and vulnerability factors for a particular aspect in a particular population in a given country, in the eventuality that a further lockdown (total and/or partial) takes place; the action component consists in establishing a Franco-Italian "virtual community" (with simultaneous translation and moderators), in order to support and strengthen social bonds during the isolation caused by lockdown and the lifting of lockdown.
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